The 'One Belt, One Road' initiative, unveiled by Xi in 2013, envisages linking China with Africa, Asia and Europe through a network of ports, railways, roads and industrial parks Photo: AFP/File

China's Silk Road revival hits the buffers

By Sam Reeves and Dessy Sagita

From a stalled Indonesian rail project to an insurgency-threatened economic corridor in Pakistan, China's push to revive Silk Road trade routes is running into problems that risk tarnishing the economic crown jewel of Xi Jinping's presidency.

The "One Belt, One Road" initiative, unveiled by Xi in 2013, envisages linking China with Africa, Asia and Europe through a network of ports, railways, roads and industrial parks.

Xi, the most powerful Chinese leader in decades, has pushed the infrastructure drive which is central to his goal of extending Beijing's economic and geopolitical clout.

The initiative was enshrined in the Communist Party's constitution at a key congress last month, and some estimates say more than $1 trillion has been pledged to it, with projects proposed in some 65 countries.

But on the ground it has run into problems. Projects traverse insurgency-hit areas, dictatorships and chaotic democracies, and face resistance from both corrupt politicians and local villagers.

"Building infrastructure across countries like this is very complicated," said Murray Hiebert, from Washington think tank the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), who has studied some of the projects in Southeast Asia.

"You've got land issues, you have to hammer out funding agreements, you have to hammer out technological issues."

Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying however insisted the initiative was "moving forward smoothly".

Beijing won the contract to build Indonesia's first high-speed railway in September 2015, but more than two years later work has barely started on the route from Jakarta to the city of Bandung.

A recent visit to Walini, where President Joko Widodo broke ground on the train line in January last year, found excavators flattening land but no track laid for the train, which is meant to start operating in 2019.

"The first year after the ground-breaking ceremony, I did not see any progress at all," Neng Sri, a 37-year-old food stall owner from nearby Mandala Mukti village, told AFP.

The central problem has been persuading villagers to leave their land on the proposed route, which is often an issue in the chaotic, freewheeling democracy.

The Indonesian transport ministry declined to give an update on the project and the consortium of Chinese and Indonesian companies building the line did not respond to repeated requests for comment.

On another planned high-speed line from southern China to Singapore, the Thai stretch of the railway was delayed by tussles over financing and protective labour regulations, and it was only in July that the military government finally approved $5.2 billion to start construction.

Work is under way on the 415-kilometer part of the line in Laos, a staunch ally of Beijing.

But even there the project has stoked controversy due to its huge price tag -- at $5.8 billion, roughly half the country's 2015 GDP -- and the question of how much deeply poor Laos will gain from the project.

There have been concerns in many countries about how much they will benefit from One Belt, One Road initiatives.

Gains for China, such as access to key markets and tackling overcapacity in domestic industries, are often more obvious than those for their partners.

Such worries have bedevilled projects in Central Asia, part of a potential route from western China to Europe.

These include a free trade zone at Horgos on the China-Kazakh border, notable for flashy malls on the Chinese side and relatively little on the Kazakh side, and a planned railway to Uzbekistan that has stalled in large part due to opposition in Kyrgyzstan, through which the line would run.

"I am against this railway as it stands because the financial benefits that could accrue to Kyrgyzstan accrue to (China and Uzbekistan) instead," said Timur Saralayev, head of the Bishkek-based New Generation movement.

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), a $54-billion project launched in 2013 linking western China to the Indian Ocean via Pakistan, has been targeted by separatist rebels in Balochistan province, who have blown up gas pipelines and trains and attacked Chinese engineers.

But the Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua insisted the One Belt, One Road initiative enjoyed broad support.

"We have seen more and more support and approval of our projects. Many projects have delivered tangible benefits to the people in these countries," she said.

The view from the ground, however, is not always so positive.

"The high-speed train... is only for super busy people who think time is money," said the villager Sri, who lives next to the Indonesian rail project.

"We are not rushing to go anywhere."

© 2017 AFP

©2017 GPlusMedia Inc.

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I think china has the ability to deal with different policies in different countries. But they must ensure that it is beneficial for the local societies as well, otherwise I am sure the project will run into trouble, sooner or latter.

2 ( +2 / -0 )

Folks don't trust China. They understand that China will smile in your face while they stab you in the back. Countries don't want tons of Chinese immigrants causing all kinds of problems for their societies.

0 ( +4 / -4 )

Maybe if they wanna link Asia to Africa, they should concentrate on that huge continental sparsely populated land mass first, before going to a highly populated archipelago nation whose people historically scapegoats you, or a mountainous region filled with Islamists.

0 ( +1 / -1 )

This is why an alternative model is a great idea. Gives everyone choice. Trump has recently spoken about getting the World Bank and Asian Development Bank to invest more in infrastructure in Asia, which will obviously lean heavily on Japan. The potential for Indian and Japanese cooperation is also very significant.

I wish Australia would take advantage of the money around to fund projects here. Road infrastructure is pretty good, but rail is abysmal. The dream of many Australians is fast rail, maybe even the hyperloop! around the entire circumference of the country taking in all the major cities, which apart from Canberra and Alice Springs are all on the coast. They always say we need more people to make it successful, but given immigration trends, that's going to happen anyway. Need to start building now!

-1 ( +0 / -1 )

Silvafan hit the nail on the head. Even the chinese (from non-PRC countries) don't trust the PRC chinese.

-1 ( +1 / -2 )

Must be frustrating for them.  fixing up in the PRC easy - just confiscate land, force people to move, suppress dissent and all ok.  When dealing with other countries the iron fist doesn't work so well.

0 ( +1 / -1 )

They're now realizing the same issues that others in the past faced when trying the same things linking lands - corruptions and fighting

1 ( +1 / -0 )

How is Japanese shinkansen project in India doing? Any better than Chinese high speed rail in Indonesia?

1 ( +1 / -0 )


Sorry dude, those folks were wanting more compensation for their land, which they put irrational price tag on it because they knew their government need it. Simple greed. And no, those are Chinese workers not immigrants, I don't think present time Chinese wants to immigrate to those shithole Asean countries.

What are you even talking about? That makes no sense! Who wouldn't want to get the best price for their property just like the government would swindle every landowner if they could.

I bet it's very frustrating to deal with lowlives in the" shithole "countries that feel they are entitled to do anything under the pretext of "Human Rights". 

And no, the iron fist would work very well in those countries, if only the Chinese government govern those countries.

You also assume these Chinese immigrant workers going overseas for work in construction have mansions back home waiting for them. Those Chinese immigrants are going to work construction in another country because they live in "shitholes"(your words not mine) in their country. Why do you think immigrants travel to other countries to do dirty, dangerous, and dull work?

-1 ( +0 / -1 )


Why do you think immigrants travel to other countries to do dirty, dangerous, and dull work?

Simple, they need money and there are not a lot of prospects for them in their home country. This is why most stay if they can. Most of these Chinese migrant workers come from the countryside. They are not China's best and brightest. They are encouraged to go overseas by their government to control their population and to bring back funds for crashing domestic economy. 

You make me laugh!

@moderator: same message as above

-1 ( +0 / -1 )

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