Japan’s biggest pop star is not human

By Mika Fukuda

She has over 100,000 original songs under her name, some of which have been top karaoke picks in Japan for several years in a row.

She has 1.8 million (and growing!) followers on Facebook — more than any other individual Japanese pop star or pop group. She has sold out concerts around the world and has served as the face for such top global brands as Louis Vuitton, Google and Toyota.

But she’s not human.

Rather, “she” is a digitally synthesized voice encapsulated in a crowd-sourced humanoid persona. And if that description is not illustrative enough, here’s one that is: she appears in “live shows” as a hologram.

Hatsune Miku, trademarked by exaggerated turquoise pigtails and a schoolgirl demeanour, is the world’s first union of fabricated digital voice sporting a virtual character body.

Crypton Future Media, a big-time Sapporo-based sound software contractor, created Miku in 2007, using Yamaha Corporation’s “vocaloid” technology (a singing voice synthesizer), and subsequently released her as a computer software application to consumer markets.

Within just one month, the product became the highest-grossing software at that time with revenues of ¥57.5 million, and its star character Hatsune Miku came into a fortune of diehard fans.

The Hatsune Miku hype in Japan is perfectly explainable, considering an intensifying local idol culture.

Idol culture in Japan, which began in the 1970s as a phenomenon surrounding foreign stars, has since escalated to domestically produced AKB48 proportions in present times. The trend reflects an increasing preference for “artificial intimacy” in Japanese society.

Alongside and intertwined with the fascination for anime and manga, a fascination with “cute” girls and boys is yet another outlet for expressing fetish imagination otherwise suppressed in Japanese public life.

Without getting into the disturbing details of the socially constructed criteria for idols (especially those of female ones), Hatsune Miku in fact represents market power superiority over her living and breathing counterparts. This is due to her “natural ability” to smoothly satisfy consumer needs.

Because she is not human, Miku is understandably exempt from the typical hazards our human pop stars face — pitchy days, unattainable vocal ranges and fatigue, for instance — thus offering her fans, who write her music, immense creative freedom and listening/viewing pleasure.

Even more significant than the breadth of her musical capabilities, Hatsune Miku’s “life” and personality are left entirely for her consumers to draw up.

And as evidenced by the multitude of fan fiction and cyber-weddings she is featured in, Hatsune Miku has unlocked a level of intimacy impossible to achieve between human idols and their fans.

All this of course is no new story, considering that Miku, despite her arbitrary age of 16, has been around for seven years.

What is new, however, is that in the past three years a greater share of the demand for the blue-haired vocaloid has come from outside Japan. It seems idol culture and a hunger for futuristic lifestyles are no longer bound within domestic borders, or even those of Asia for that matter.

Most of Miku’s Facebook hits come from Mexico City, and her 2011 Los Angeles performance was enjoyed by some 5,000 glow-stick-waving fans and another 160,000 online viewers. The concert included a high-profile commission to show off Marc Jacobs’ designs by means of a touring opera.

Perhaps the rest of the world, too, is growing tired of human pop stars who only meet — but do not exceed — expectations for idols.

A new generation of consumers actively admits it is willing to empty its wallet for an entity that needs no time to learn routines and work on her profession, and one whose stardom comes at no cost of privacy.

English was added to Miku’s official singing languages last year, and this is just the start of her solidification in international markets. As intangible as she may be at her essence, Hatsune Miku’s brand equity and staying power is very real, indeed.

© Japan Today

©2022 GPlusMedia Inc.

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I'm not surprised that Hatsume Miku is so popular. I mean, there's a lot of good Miku songs. Heartbreaker, Black Rock Shooter, Koi wa Sensou, Kurukuru Maako no Sugoiyatsu, Melt, Sono Ichibyou Slow Motion and Hajimeteno koi ga Owarutoki to name but a few examples. And of couse, as pointed out, being a Vocaloid means no bad performances or "off days". No suddenly singing off key, no forgetting the words. Then of course, she doesn't go down the same self-destructive path as other pop stars like Justin Bieber (I use the term "Pop star" very loosely in his case) or Brittney Spears. No drugs, no drink driving, no fighting with the paparazzi, no wearing a meat dress to an awards ceremony, no hooking up with hookers. What more can you ask for really?

5 ( +6 / -1 )

A lot of very talented people have written songs for her - that's one of the reasons she is so popular.

And of course she's the voice of nyancat ;)

5 ( +5 / -0 )

And she is as pretty as a picture

2 ( +3 / -1 )

I watched one of her holo performances on You Tube a while back... absolutely incredible.

3 ( +3 / -0 )

I've often wondered what the producers of the movie "S1m0ne" (2002) thought when they first heard about Hatsune Miku. you could say "art predicts real life", except in this case it's more like "art predicts a different art".

0 ( +0 / -0 )

This reminds me of the "Diva" artist in Macross plus Anime, Sharon Apple

0 ( +0 / -0 )

I've often wondered what the producers of the movie "S1m0ne" (2002) thought when they first heard about Hatsune Miku.

More like William Gibson's "Idoru", which is almost 20 years old now.

0 ( +0 / -0 )

Though she's on her way out, being pushed out by properties like Kantai Collection.

0 ( +1 / -1 )

I missed Usotsuki no Parade from my list. Oopsie. That's a pretty good term to describe most governments though: A parade of liars.

0 ( +0 / -0 )

Hatsune Miku will never lose popularity. In my book she is number #1 ;D

0 ( +0 / -0 )

Excellent article. In a lot of the VOCALOID-related articles I've read, they tend to miss the point entirely when they refer to the singer as not being "real".

However, Hatsune Miku and other VOCALOID singers are indeed very real, as real as any other software program you run on your computer. If you actually own a copy of Miku, then you will understand where I'm coming from with that. I can hold her (disc) in my hands, and watch her come to life on a giant translucent screen (although that's not the doing of the VOCALOID software itself).

This article doesn't even mention "fake" at all, and I think the author has done a fine job overall describing exactly what Miku and the VOCALOID phenomenon really is.

Let's spread the popularity of these intangible singers, and the very human producers that write the songs for them to sing! Spread the love of all types of music genres, where the only limits you have is how creative you personally can be with the music and lyrics. Opening the doors to new opportunities and community collaboration... VOCALOID does have quite a bright future indeed!

0 ( +0 / -0 )

Those who can, do; those who can't, sing!

0 ( +0 / -0 )

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