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Planning for a funeral in Japan

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Anticipating the unexpected is one of the great dilemmas of life. We all want to think positive and remain optimistic, yet no one wants to be caught unaware, or unprepared, when trouble strikes. Whether it is simply a sudden thunderstorm, or a more serious issue such as a financial crisis, or a death in the family, planning for the worst can be a vexing exercise.

Unfortunately, severe illnesses and accidents strike without warning, so it's best to consider your options and form a loved one's funeral plan when you are in a frame of mind to think clearly. And the funeral of a loved one is one of the most important expenses you are likely to face.

In Japan, funerals and the related ceremonies are known to be quite costly. If you have a Japanese spouse and, by extension, Japanese in-laws who you may be responsible for, you will need to plan carefully. For practical reasons, many long-term foreign residents opt for Japanese services, including cremation and family plot interment, as transporting a body overseas can be quite costly. Here's a guide to some of the expenses and options you will need to consider for a Japanese funeral.

The ABCs of a Japanese Funeral & Cremation

Typically, a funeral runs from 2-3 million yen in Japan. According to a 2008 study by the Japan Consumers' Association, the average cost is 2.31 million yen, which includes about 400,000 yen for catering to attendants and 550,000 yen for the services of a Buddhist monk.

However, that does not include the headstone or memorial services at the cemetery. Generally, Japanese people have a family plot where the remains (ashes in a small urn) for all members in the family register are placed. Thus, if a woman takes her husband's name, she becomes part of his family register, and her remains, and eventually their children's, will be interred at his family plot. For this reason, and to avoid the expense of purchasing a new plot, long-time foreign residents, even men with Japanese wives, may plan to be interred at their spouse's plots.

The basic stages of attending to a death in Japan include: 1) Delivery of body from morgue to funeral home, 2) Wake or viewing, 3) Funeral and cremation (the day following the wake), 4) Preparation of a small altar in the home, where the ashes remain for 49 days 5) Ceremony at temple for interment of the ashes.

Here is a breakdown some typical expenses, as found in a 2006 Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) report on the funeral industry. Preparation of altar for viewing and funeral: 600,000 yen; use of funeral hall facilities: 200,000 yen; flowers and wreaths: 120,000 yen, hearses and transportation: 80,000 yen; gifts: 1,000 yen per visitor; food: 4,000 yen per visitor. It is also customary to give tips ranging from 3,000 yen to 10,000 yen to various attendants serving the event, such as cremation technicians and funeral program directors.

The actual JETRO report can be found here.

Financing gifts for guests and names for the afterlife

Friends and relatives who attend the viewing and the funeral generally bring cash gifts ranging from 5,000 yen to 30,000 yen, depending on their relationship to the deceased. The family of the deceased is later expected to acknowledge each gift with a returning gift of about one-third the value. Funeral facilities will offer to handle this service, providing a catalog with a selection of gifts, such as hand towels, and arranging for delivery. Some people like to provide more personalized gifts for close friends and relatives, but it is of course more costly and difficult to arrange.

At the interment or burial ceremony (Japanese tombs are above ground), most Buddhists will select a new name for the deceased to take into the afterlife. It is purchased from a monk for a fee ranging from 300,000 yen to 2 million yen. The name is not required, but the temple handling the ceremony will strongly recommend it, and more traditional families (especially devout Buddhists) may feel compelled to buy the service.

Looking for a tax break? The Japanese government will offer a refund of 70,000 yen for evidence of a funeral ceremony and cremations. Your funeral director will tell you how to apply for it.

Generally, in a Japanese family, the first son assumes the responsibility of planning for and organizing the funeral and all related ceremonies for his parents. And because Japanese tend to live longer, the remaining spouse is often unable to handle the role. And of course, the duties are often passed on to any remaining offspring who are in the best position to coordinate everything.

What about purchasing your own family plot?

If you must purchase a plot, be prepared to shell out some serious yen. Public graveyards are quite expensive. According to the Japan Times' Yen For Living blog, Tokyo's famous Aoyama Cemetery charges between 4.8 million and 10 million yen per plot, while the average cost at Yanaka Cemetery, a site holding the ashes of some of Japan's most famous historical figures, is about 3 million yen. However, bargains are available if you look around; smaller plots at less popular sites can be found for less than one million yen. All cemeteries also charge annual maintenance fees of about 4,000 to 12,000 yen per plot, according to the Japan Times.

The cost of repatriation of a deceased family member can vary widely from U.S.$5,000 to as high as $15,000. Unfortunately, most services keep their pricing vague, so shop wisely. For example, if arrangements are made to cremate the remains before transportation, the fees can be significantly reduced. If you must send a body overseas, it is best to contact your embassy to find out what the rules are and what documentation is required.

So what is the best plan of action for the worst-case scenario? The most logical approach is to first understand what costs you are likely to be responsible for, and then make sure the funds are available whenever you need them.

© Japan Today

©2021 GPlusMedia Inc.

14 Comments
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It is purchased from a monk for a fee ranging from 300,000 yen to 2 million yen. The name is not required, but the temple handling the ceremony will strongly recommend it,

Yeah, Ill bet they will.

8 ( +8 / -0 )

"............will select a new name for the deceased to take into the afterlife. It is purchased from a monk for a fee ranging from 300,000 yen to 2 million yen. The name is not required, but the temple handling the ceremony will strongly recommend it,......"

At that extortionate price I bet they do strongly recommend it! I missed my way, I should have been a monk.

0 ( +0 / -0 )

I have already given my instructions to my wife. -if I die in a hospital, refuse to accept my body back again. -if I die because of a crime, refuse to accept my body back from the cops. -if I die at home, which the current landlord, and all previous landlords, asked me not to die at home, so might have to run and die in the car park, but anyway, my wife could donate my body to the local university hospital otherwise just wheel it down to the Harborland and throw it in.

I have requested in anyother case, not to hold any type of funeral, just pay for the funeral service to take the body to the nearest crematorium for burning.

4 ( +4 / -0 )

This is a topic I rather not die to talk about i want to be the last person at my funeral perhaps a no show for that event lol

0 ( +0 / -0 )

Japanese funeral services aren't a dying business.

2 ( +2 / -0 )

Good article about a topic no like to talk about, too bad they didn't mention the cheaper easier options as a great many for foregoing the traditional plot as its insanely expensive & with people more spread out not very practical for many either

I with Zichi on this one, do it cheap & easy

1 ( +1 / -0 )

Select Asset Management tended to cold call me around once a month when I was in Tokyo, despite the fact that I specifically asked them a number of times not to call me. Very annoying.

0 ( +0 / -0 )

I'm not Buddhist, and I presume neither are most people here, so why on earth would you waste your money on Buddhist funeral? If you are a Christian, the local church will do your funeral for free. If you are agnostic or atheist, just cremate the body and have a small wake or something at your place, or like Zichi said, have your body donated. The important think is make sure your wishes are known, preferably in writing.

Interestingly my insurance policy gives me the option to have my dead body sent back to Australia in case I don't want to be left here.

1 ( +1 / -0 )

Nearly every cemetery in Japan has a pile or a neat display of gravestones---sometimes a wall. Can you guess where they came from? Yes, from the graves. You don't purchase the grave, you purchase the right to use it as long as someone pays the annual maintenance fee. If the fee isn't paid, someone will attempt to contact you, then, if there is no contact, a sign will be placed on the grave. Depending on the need for space, don't be surprised to find the space cleared, or someone using what you thought was your family grave forever.

3 ( +3 / -0 )

Sounds like a good business. Up there with weddings. Quite sickening actually. A legal way to extort money.

1 ( +1 / -0 )

Def not a Japanese funeral for me. Catholic all the way, please!

0 ( +0 / -0 )

Due to many things that I studied (I studied geology at university formally in the 90s) I prefer that when I die I be cremated. For me and my family and I will be advantageous remanecesnte not give work for them in the future.

0 ( +0 / -0 )

It's not too early to think now about how to do after someone in my beloved family died. I'm 21 and my mom is still just before 50, we sometimes talk about this subject these days which makes me think about sad fact that someday we die. And every time the subject comes up she tells me "make my funeral simple, that's what I really desire." I don't want to think about someone's death but I understand from what she said to me that it is the best to make a funeral like how the deceased wanted before the death.

0 ( +0 / -0 )

I have heard that Japan has foreign nationals handle a lot of the careers that involve death and dead bodies due to the stigma surrounding such work. I have been searching for leads on this kind of work but it is a very difficult thing to search for since its so specific.

Does anyone have any ideas on how I can find resources on becoming a coroner in Japan? Any help would be appreciated as I have exhausted my google skills.

-1 ( +0 / -1 )

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