Photo: SoraNews24

Visit the mythical cave that hid the Sun Goddess in Japanese mythology

By Oona McGee, SoraNews24

It’s no exaggeration to say that Amano Iwato in Takachiho, Miyazaki Prefecture, is the most famous cave in Japan. Literally translated as “Heavenly Cave”, this rocky chamber is famous for being the place where the sun goddess Amaterasu was said to have hidden, according to the Kojiki and Nihonshoki, respectively the oldest and second-oldest books of classical Japanese history.

According to the myth, Amaterasu hid herself in the cave after a dispute with her impetuous younger brother Susano-no-Mikoto, bringing darkness to the land until she was eventually lured out by the goddess of mirth with laughter and a mirror, bringing light to the world again.

 The legend lives on today at Amano Iwato and the nearby Amano Iwato Shrine (pictured below).


The wider Takachiho town is also considered a holy place for people in Japan, as it’s said to be the spot where Amaterasu’s grandson Ninigi-no-Mikoto descended from heaven — an event known as “Tenson Korin”. These myths blur with reality in Japan, as Ninigi-no-Mikoto and Amaterasu are said to be ancestors of Japan’s modern-day emperor.

Takachiho and Amano Iwato draw thousands of tourists every year, and this year, our reporter Seiji Nakazawa was amongst them, driving along the country roads to visit the sacred destination.

Upon arriving in the area, Seiji made his way to Amano Iwato Shrine to pay his respects. After parking at the nearest parking lot, Seiji got a sense of how popular this place is with tourists, as it’s located by a shopping street and has a stop for tour busses right out the front.



However, as expected of a spot famous for its mythology, once you pass through the torii gate, you’re immediately overcome by a quiet atmosphere that feels sacred. Takachiho is surrounded by mountains, and it was a midsummer day so the road outside was steaming, but the moment Seiji passed through the torii gate, he suddenly cooled off.

▼ Is this the effect of the gods?


Amano Iwato is a forbidden cave where no mortals are allowed to enter, as it’s said to be the place where a sacred shimenawa rope was used for the first time in Japan. Amaterasu’s fellow deities were said to have placed the shimenawa across the cave to seal it off once the sun goddess had emerged from it, so that she wouldn’t be able to hide there again.

▼ Amano Iwato is located behind the shrine’s main worship hall, and though it’s off-limits to visitors, you can view it from a distance with the guidance of a priest.


Those who wish to participate in the viewing don’t need to register or pay a fee — simply gather at the meeting place at the dedicated times listed on the sign below. A priest will guide visitors to the viewing spot behind the shrine once every 30 minutes from 9 a.m. until 4 p.m., aside from a lunch break at 12:30 p.m., and then one final time at 4:40 p.m.


Seiji gathered at the meeting place at one of the designated times, and the priest began to explain a number of things about the shrine and its trees to the group in Japanese, making it feel like a free mini tour.


The laid-back atmosphere suddenly changed to a solemn one as the priest stepped up to conduct a purification ceremony, an important part of the tour to purify the group before proceeding to the holy site. 


The priest then made his way over to the side door, where he reminded the group that photos were prohibited beyond this point.


Entering through the wooden gate, Seiji was led down a path behind the worship hall, and it didn’t take long for them to arrive at the observatory, which was equipped with an offertory box. Looking beyond the offertory box, Seiji was able to see a river flowing far below, and the priest explained that Amano Iwato was located on the opposite bank.

When Seiji looked over at the opposite bank, he was surprised to see there was in fact a cave there, and this is where the sun goddess once resided. He blinked a few times, trying to take the enormity of it all in.

The cave was certainly safe from mere mortals — unless you had the power of flight, you’d have to be an adept climber to navigate the cliffs from the observatory.

Seiji had always thought of Amaterasu as an indoor person, due to her time in the cave, but looking at the location, Seiji began to wonder if the goddess was actually an outdoorsy type, perhaps even a climbing enthusiast.

Visiting the actual site mentioned in the myth made Seiji appreciate the legend and its deities even more. And when he said one final prayer at the shrine, he was touched to see a replica of the sacred mirror there.


▼ The mirror that helped to lure Amaterasu from the cave


Following his visit to the shrine, Seiji made his way to another popular site nearby — a larger cave called Amanoyasugawara, which is said to be the spot where eight million gods gathered when Amaterasu shut herself inside the cave.

▼ The entrance to Amanoyasugawara


▼ The riverside walk to Amanoyasugawara is wonderfully calm and tranquil.



▼ The path ends at Amanoyasugawara.


This cave has an otherworldly atmosphere — you can almost feel the spirit of the gods watching over you.


It’s believed that if you stack rocks and make a wish here your wish will be granted, which is why you’ll find thousands of stacked stones in the area.


These mysterious-looking rocks, and the shrine nestled at the back of the cave, add to the mystical atmosphere.


The three sites Seiji visited are some of the most intriguing in the country, and he highly recommends everyone make the trip to Miyazaki at least once in their lives.

Shrine Information

Amano Iwato Jinja / 天岩戸神社

Address: Miyazaki-ken, Nishiusuki-gun, Takachiho, Iwato 1073-1


Open: 8:30 a.m.-5 p.m. every day


Photos ©SoraNews24

Read more stories from SoraNews24.

-- TripAdvisor Japan announces the country’s 10 favorite shrines and temples

-- Japan travel bucket list: top places to visit in each prefecture before you die【Part I】

-- “Cat shrine” status causing problems for Japan’s millennium-old Izumoiwai Shrine

© SoraNews24

©2023 GPlusMedia Inc.

Login to comment

According to the myth, Amaterasu hid herself in the cave after a dispute with her impetuous younger brother Susano-no-Mikoto, bringing darkness to the land until she was eventually lured out by the goddess of mirth with laughter and a mirror, bringing light to the world again.

Made-up religions have man-made, humanish characters. Interesting how we want to make humans out to be gods rather than worshiping God.

-4 ( +1 / -5 )

Made-up religions have man-made, humanish characters. Interesting how we want to make humans out to be gods rather than worshiping God.

Europeans hijacked Christianity from the Middle East (Northeast Africa) and changed the god to be a a white man then they forced indigenous people all over the world to worship a god that looks like them.

Talk about scam!

6 ( +10 / -4 )

Made-up religions have man-made, humanish characters. Interesting how we want to make humans out to be gods rather than worshiping God.

All religions are man made, made up.

4 ( +5 / -1 )

Talk about scam!

Yes. Why would anyone believe a concept that was invented 1000s of years ago and survived to this day when they can instead take the wise words of a random atheist posting comments on a public website? Surely we are smarter than the sum total knowledge of millions of people acquired over many centuries.

-12 ( +1 / -13 )

Only six downvotes? Surely there are more than six brilliant minds here who are each individually smarter than a millennia of accumulated philosophy. Do better!

-8 ( +1 / -9 )

A few remarks about Takachiho in Miyazaki-ken.

!. Amaterasu -o- Mikami was never ever the supreme goddess in Japanese folklore. This was corrupted when the Meiji revolution was creating what Basil Hall Chamberlain called a new religion. Amaterasu had one power over all the other goddess and gods: she could hide the sun. This she did after a disagreement with the "Impetuous Male Deity." She hid in her cave and brought darkness to the Earth. The deities did a striptease in front of the cave. She peeked out and they pulled her out and the sun return. Chamberlain is quite explicit about what the gods and goddesses did--but in Latin.

In late autumn various farmhouse around Takachiho perform the Yokagura (sacred night dancing) which reenacts the Amaterasu story. If you strong enough, stay the night for all the dancing spirts and drinking spirits. Bring spirits for the hosts.

Olympus camera was once called Takachiho Camera.
0 ( +0 / -0 )

The place where the sacred night dance takes place is called a Kagurayado. Local newspapers in Miyazaki-ken tell where and when the night dance will take place. They also provide maps.

0 ( +0 / -0 )


Made-up religions have man-made, humanish characters. Interesting how we want to make humans out to be gods rather than worshiping God ...

Karl Marx:

Man makes religion, religion does not make man. Religion is, indeed, the self-consciousness and self-esteem of man who has either not yet won through to himself, or has already lost himself again. But man is no abstract being squatting outside the world. Man is the world of man – state, society. 

Genesis 1:27

So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him.

So all agree in that god is like man and man is like god. In other words, religious views reflect human society in which they come into to existance.

It's no accident that their god is like a powerful king in the religions developed in middle east, where powerful kindoms were norm from Mesopotamia to Egypt for thousands of years. Their god is an idealized image of their king.

And it's no accident that the image of gods developed in Japa is like confused political leaders, discussing forever what to do.

So thereupon the Heaven-Shining-Great-August-Deity, terrified at the sight, closed [behind her] the door of the Heavenly Rock-Dwelling, made it fast, and retired. Then the whole Plain of High Heaven was obscured and all the Central Land of Reed-Plains darkened. Owing to this, eternal night prevailed. Hereupon the voices of the myriad Deities were like unto the flies in the fifth moon as they swarmed, and a myriad portents of woe all arose. Therefore did the eight hundred myriad Deities assemble in a divine assembly in the bed of the Tranquil River of Heaven, and bid the Deity Thought-Includer, child of the High-August-Producing-Wondrous-Deity think of a plan... (Kojiki, or "Record of Ancient Matter")

Here in ancient Japan, the image of divine was not an all-knowing, all-powerful king but countless gods in an assembly discussing a plan to solve the problem.

2 ( +2 / -0 )

Login to leave a comment

Facebook users

Use your Facebook account to login or register with JapanToday. By doing so, you will also receive an email inviting you to receive our news alerts.

Facebook Connect

Login with your JapanToday account

User registration

Articles, Offers & Useful Resources

A mix of what's trending on our other sites