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Why is anti-Japanese sentiment remaining from the World War II era almost non-existent in countries like Taiwan, the Philippines and Indonesia, unlike in China and South Korea?

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As a Filipino, people in my home country (or probably in other Southeast Asian countries as well) tend to forgive and forget quicker than East Asian countries. In my experience, Japanese, Chinese and Koreans tend to keep history too close to their hearts and remember historical events from decades ago as if it happened yesterday and had affected them directly while other Asian cultures tend to remember things but focus more on living in the present. You can also blame their governments from regularly reliving and taking advantage of that sentiment from time to time, something that never happens in my home country in the very least. I remember when I was a kid having a Japanese neighbor who had good relations with my grandparents who suffered under Japanese occupation during the war.

28 ( +28 / -0 )

The Chinese government was created to thwart the Imperial Japanese army.

In Korea, anytime someone wants to get votes they play the Japan card.

The "don't forget" approach is mostly politically motivated and easily manipulated because of a close proximity to each other, and jealousy towards a strong Japanese economy.

10 ( +18 / -8 )

I'm a Chinese decent who were born and grew up in Indonesia. Can't say much about the "real" China except from things I learned from my parents and grandparents, we're a revenge-loving bunch, fillial pity and what not, ancestors' wrong doings must be paid by children, grand-children, and so on. Grand-parents especially made sure we don't forget Japanese wrong doings.

As for Indonesia, we just hate the Chinese more than the Japanese. Chinese has been given special preferential treatment by the Dutch way before WW2. Chinese ethnics were and are in general wealthier than natives, and since they're more or less present in people's daily lives, their wealth has been a source of envy and division (Maybe similar to Jews in Germany before WW2 ?).

17 ( +18 / -1 )

It exists in Taiwan, but it's not the guiding force of the relationship. If you go you can see memorials to the atrocities carried out against the Chinese and indigenous people. A Japanese politician actually went over to the island specifically to deface a comfort woman memorial but apologised after

https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/2164034/japanese-nationalist-group-apologises-member-who-kicked-taiwan

I think Taiwan is being pragmatic about it though and thinking about the future. It can't really afford to be picky when it has to deal with mainland China

14 ( +14 / -0 )

It is all about the narrative the countries' government and media chooses to push.

12 ( +12 / -0 )

There isn't an ancient bitter rivalry between Japan and the other countries like there is between Japan, China and Korea. Japan saw those two countries as inferior and invaded and brutally colonised them. You have a history of fighting going back centuries with the turtle boats, etc and have things like the Rape of Nanking, Unit 731 carrying out horrific experiments on Chinese and more. Japan saved their worst brutality for Koreans and Chinese and those two want payback in any way possible. Korea was occupied for 35 years and China for about 10 and it was not so long ago and some people are still alive and can testify to atrocities. The Southeast Asian countries and Taiwan were spared a lot of it by the Allies winning WWII. Even now, the rivalry is everywhere, from sports to technology to rocks in the ocean to the name of a sea. They pretty much love to hate each other in my opinion, and they will never stop doing that because hating Japan is like a national pastime for those two, and for Japan, many want to remember the glory days when they conquered Asia but also be seen as a victim (atomic bombings) when the need arises and those two definitely don't see it that way.

14 ( +16 / -2 )

Sibling rivalry?

2 ( +4 / -2 )

Let me guess that it is because the behavior in China and Korea was much worse and there existed a historical rivalry and hatred that Japan does not have with the other countries mentioned.

-3 ( +3 / -6 )

Racism, rivalry and railing the people against a perceived common "enemy", that's how to keep the proletariat in their place, lest they question their own governments.

1 ( +4 / -3 )

A Japanese politician actually went over to the island specifically to deface a comfort woman memorial but apologised after

Just to clarify, that clown never has been a politician.

7 ( +7 / -0 )

Putting the Korean case aside, the Japanese forces didn't fight directly with local peoples in those "once battleground" countries while China faced off with Japan.

Present-day realpolitik may also count as China under the communist rule is more intimidating its neighbors.

-4 ( +1 / -5 )

Taiwan was an older colony and was not treated as badly by the Japanese as Korea or China

2 ( +4 / -2 )

Because China and South Korea are no longer weak, poor countries who have to walk on egg shells and beg for financial assistance. Taiwan, was treated as a model example of a colony, so they weren't treated as bad (if you ignore the massacre of the aborigines).

There are still some bitter memories in Hong Kong, make no mistake about that, but it's just that they have more pressing problems with the mainland at the moment.

6 ( +9 / -3 )

Because China and South Korea are no longer weak, poor countries who have to walk on egg shells and beg for financial assistance.

Absolutely, even when China signed the Joint Communique with Japan in '72 they were economically weak, so they couldn't afford to bring up historical grievances and jeopardize any potential economic partnership. Now that China is in a different position, of course, they've become a lot less reserved about pestering Japan about historical issues.

Southeast Asia by no means has forgotten about the horrors of WW2, it's just that often political decisions have to prioritize economic growth and expediency, while important moral questions find themselves taking a back seat by necessity until the right time.

5 ( +6 / -1 )

Japan is a special place where Chinese culture and western culture very well blended, you could find some very pure Chinese culture factors which even China already lost today, in this aspect, Taiwan is so similar to Japan, that's why people feel Taiwan is close to Japan culturally, so Taiwanese could understand Japanese better than others and therefore easier to forgive their mistakes which were anyway not made by Japanese of current generation. 

As to those any politicians' view over any specific country, in my opinion, are all of waste time things, just throw it to garbage can where just fit them well!

2 ( +4 / -2 )

China in particular tends to want to use history and anti-Japanese sentiment as a political football. Partly too though it is jealousy. Japan is far more developed and sophisticated than China, and don't the Chinese know it.

1 ( +3 / -2 )

China and S. Korea are way more economically independent than the others, and know that taking Japan to task over this issue won't make much of an economic impact in terms of Japan's ODA. The opposite is true in Vietnam, for example, where major infrastructure projects like the cities' train systems are funded by the Japanese govt. Tokyo effectively buys Hanoi's silence thru its "assistance."

As for the Philippines, I saw on Japanese TV and young woman presenting one of those personal experience programs, traveling in that country. While on local street, an old guy yelled at her, saying "get the hell out of here. You Japanese killed so many of our people!" He looked poor and normal and clearly wasn't a politician or economic planner with vested interests. LOL.

Naturally, the woman had only a vague notion of what he was referring to. Only Warsaw received more damage in the war than Manila, where Japanese Marines recounted they shot every civilian they could during one rampage. So, are we supposed to forget about that, so that the today's Japanese won't be offended?

1 ( +3 / -2 )

The reason why China and South Korea are extremely anti-Japanese is because these two countries are brainwashing countries by fabricating history.

China has been creating a false history for many years. In the same way Tibet, Uighur and Hong Kong will be turned into a history rewritten by China.

Korea tends to behave similarly to the Chinese due to the influence of Confucianism. Korea's falsification of history is worse than that of China. The fact is that in Japanese rule, Koreans were favored over Taiwanese.

0 ( +1 / -1 )

It depends heavily on the nations/people's self-perception. Prior to being given to Japan after the Sino-Japanese war, Taiwan was already a Chinese colony. Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, India, all colonies of other Major Powers before Japan came along. These are nations that didn't have independence until after the Japanese came and went. They never "lost independence because of Japan" or had "independent sovereignty infringed on by Japan". What happened was one day their masters were white, the next day their masters were Japanese, then the Japanese left and they got independence. For most of ASEAN, they can say "WWII sucked, but all's well that ends well, we got independence out of it anyhow". The sentiment is very different in China which long saw themselves as the one and only super power in Asia, a people with a long and rich history of being the conquerers, being the colonizers. Japanese invasion is seen as a humiliation. It's a lot more personal.

0 ( +0 / -0 )

Because it is easy to instigate the nation if I make an enemy

And plunder of the money by the forgery is a purpose

0 ( +0 / -0 )

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