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A greengrocer counts Argentine peso bills at a local market,as Argentina is due to release consumer inflation data for April, in Buenos Aires
FILE PHOTO: A greengrocer counts Argentine peso bills at a local market,as Argentina is due to release consumer inflation data for April, in Buenos Aires, Argentina May 11, 2024. REUTERS/Irina Dambrauskas/File Photo Image: Reuters/IRINA DAMBRAUSKAS
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Argentina inflation crests nears 300% as monthly rate slows

2 Comments
By Miguel Lo Bianco and Juan Bustamante

Argentina's annual inflation rate hit near 290% in April, the highest in decades, but showed signs of cresting as the monthly rate slowed down more than analysts expected amid a tough austerity drive by libertarian President Javier Milei.

According to official data released on Tuesday, the embattled South American country posted a monthly consumer price rise of 8.8%, still sky-high but down for the fourth straight month since a peak over 25% in December. It was also slightly below forecasts of a 9% rise.

Inflation in the 12 months through April landed at 289.4%, only slightly higher than the annualized rate a month earlier, the official INDEC statistics agency said.

Shopkeepers and consumers, however, said that although monthly inflation readings have slowed, the change has yet to be fully felt on the ground.

"No matter how much the inflation rate goes down, which is what everyone says, it is not reflected here because look, there are items that should have gone down but haven't," said Sandra Boluch, 50, a fruit and vegetable seller in Buenos Aires.

She said her store had been forced to raise workers' salaries because their rents had increased, while input costs of things like plastic bags had gone up, all feeding back into the sticker price for carrots and apples.

"These (prices) increase a lot and then that's reflected elsewhere. Where? In the merchandise," she said. "Transportation is more expensive, diesel prices go up, everything goes up. So no matter how much we try to reduce prices, we can't."

The government of Milei, which inherited a major economic crisis, has touted its success lowering monthly inflation, which has dropped this year since a December peak after he took office and sharply devalued the local peso currency.

Milei has pushed a tough austerity campaign with cost-cutting and looked to soak up liquidity in the market, which has gone down well with investors, and has helped boost the government's fiscal position and propelled a rally of equities and bonds.

"He generated a monetary austerity shock, stopped injecting pesos into the economy, and gave a strong signal of fiscal austerity," said Eugenio Mari, chief economist at consultancy Libertad and Progreso Foundation.

That economic medicine has also hit salaries and economic activity hard, though Mari said things should get better.

"A sharp drop in real wages implies a drop in aggregate demand, a drop in consumption and, obviously, a drop in economic activity. But the interesting thing is that now, with the drop in inflation, the door is open for real wages to recover."

Ofelia D'Aquino, 65, a retiree in Buenos Aires leaving a supermarket, said he didn't yet feel the inflation slowdown. Retirees, along with public sector workers, have taken the biggest hit from Milei's austerity.

"Prices are still expensive and we Argentines have very little purchasing power," he said. "We hope that this great crisis, that our sacrifice, serve some good and we get out of this. We deserve it, all of us and the generations to come."

© (c) Copyright Thomson Reuters 2024.

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Argentina's annual inflation rate hit near 290% in April, the highest in decades, but showed signs of cresting as the monthly rate slowed down more than analysts expected amid a tough austerity drive by libertarian President Javier Milei.

Both Milei and the IMF proudly declare the austerity will be "brutal to the poor and middle class".

They did not cause the crisis.

Like the 2008 banker bailouts government deregulation and bankers taking advantage of the situation led to financial chaos and workers had to bail out wealth bankers.

Austerity programs have always been socialism for the rich.

-1 ( +1 / -2 )

Argentina's issues are mostly due to the govt overspending and over printing currency.

They need to cut spending (I don't know how much) and switch to a stable currency that is completely outside the Argentinian govt control so they aren't tempted to just print more.

It has been a few years since I visited Argentina the last time. Seems like a really good time to take our USD there for a fantastic trip that will be very inexpensive for us and help the locals.

0 ( +0 / -0 )

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