albaleo comments

Posted in: Nations strike climate deal with coal compromise See in context

The population of China is 1.4 billion. World population 7.7 billion. China is 18% of the world's population. But it is producing 28% of the CO2.

A certain amount of China's CO2 production is a result of consumption in other countries. I've read it's about 12-15% of its total CO2 output. Who should bear responsibility for that part?

I still don't see why a per capita target isn't set and let countries work out how they achieve that. And adjustments could be made between countries for import-export arrangements. So say an initial target of 3 tons per person of CO2 is set worldwide (some would say it should be a net zero target, but one step at at a time). And then if one country exports heavily to another country, the exporting country can have its target raised in proportion while the importing country has its reduced. So China might have to reduce its per capita CO2 output from 7.4 tons and the USA from 15.5 tons. But if China continues to export goods to the USA, its target might be 3.1 tons while the USA's is 2.9 tons. Hmm, I wonder how the USA would react to that idea.

I'm taking my per capita numbers from the link below. I can't say how accurate they are. If someone has a better source, please let me know.

https://www.worldometers.info/co2-emissions/co2-emissions-per-capita/

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Posted in: Nations strike climate deal with coal compromise See in context

India is getting a lot of criticism that I don't fully understand. The numbers I can find show India's annual per capita CO2 emissions to be less than half of the world average (1.9 tons versus 4.8 tons). If all countries could achieve India's level of emissions, would we not solve or greatly reduce the CO2 problem? Instead of focusing on specific materials such as coal or gas, would it not be better to set per capita emission targets for countries.

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Posted in: Only 1 in 5 Japanese happy with ¥100,000 handout plan: poll See in context

@kurispisu

The sample size is far too small considering the size of the population

I think virusrex' numbers for the margin of error are correct. You can do a check with the calculator at the link below. Note that population size become less significant as the population grows. For example, for a margin of error of 3% and a population of 125,000,000, a sample size of 1068 is needed. For a population of 10% that size (12,500,000) a sample of 1067 is still needed for the same margin of error.

https://www.checkmarket.com/sample-size-calculator/

Of course, the method of selection makes a difference - only asking people in a supermarket at 11:00am on a Wednesday is probably not representative of the population. But increasing the sample size would only reinforce any selection bias.

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Posted in: Sponsors asked to defend support for Beijing Winter Olympics See in context

Leftist ideologies are horrendous because they require conformity. 

Do not all ideologies by definition require conformity?

Well, humans are not conformist by nature.

Really? Try painting your house in a weird color in a posh US suburb. Or sending your son to school in Scotland with pink underwear. (I have big memories of a teacher at my school shouting at us rebels - you think you're clever opposing the school rules, but look at yourselves, you all dress and behave the same with your long hair and stupid shoes.)

But I agree with you about state enforcement. One of the great plus-minus features of Japan is the very local enforcement of various rules. And perhaps how so many don't vote in national elections - perhaps because they realize that it makes little difference. I think there's a difference between conforming and going along with stuff that's largely irrelevant. And so I wonder how most Chinese people think of their government - and unfortunately, I don't know.

As I've said before, my main problem with China's government is it's territorial nationalism. I really find that ugly.

(Sorry if I'm ranting. It's Friday.)

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Posted in: Will the coming big chill lead to winter power shortages? See in context

It’s unseasonably mild in the UK at the moment.

It's all set to change next week according to various forecasts. Time to dig out the long johns.

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Posted in: COP26 told climate pledges 'hollow' without fossil fuel phase out See in context

Do people really believe that oil is the result of dying Dinasaurs, plants, animals and the like ?

Probably most scientists do. (Although not so much from dinosaurs but more from plants and small animals.)

Oil is not a fossil fuel and scientists have found that it is constantly replenished.

Some have theorized it is not a fossil fuel. Others have theorized that some oil is biogenic (i.e from fossilized remains) while some is abiogenic (from carbon and other chemicals originally located within the earth). Some have theorized it is constantly replenished, but I don't think there is strong evidence either way on this one. One argument against the idea of abiogenic oil and gas is that it isn't usually found along geological faults where you might expect it to seep out if it was being produced deep inside the earth.

Whatever the source, burning it still produces CO2.

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Posted in: Toyota defends skipping COP26 emissions pledge See in context

I have to agree with Toyota. The pledge for "100% zero emission new car and van sales in leading markets by 2035" seems like a typical political notion. But what are the effects say of replacing all current internal combustion vehicles with battery cars versus simply reducing the total number of internal combustion vehicles and having no battery powered cars? E.g. 10 electric vehicles versus 1 internal combustion vehicle. The answer is not so straightforward.

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Posted in: N Ireland official suing Van Morrison over COVID criticism See in context

The trial will backfire on Swann because evidence will be introduced that lockdowns were ineffective and the “vaccines” don’t really work.

And the source of this evidence? From Van Morrison perhaps who suffered from cancelled concerts or those whose suffered from cancelled cancer treatments due to covid patients taking up hospital beds.

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Posted in: HPV vaccines 'substantially' reduce cervical cancer risk: study See in context

@virusex,

A further point. The study doesn't touch the subject of the safety of the vaccine. I don't want to stir up another pro-anti vax debate, but it's best to be accurate about what has been researched.

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Posted in: HPV vaccines 'substantially' reduce cervical cancer risk: study See in context

Unsurprisingly once more the scientific predictions of efficacy and safety of a vaccine are confirmed,

I don't think the efficacy is fully confirmed. According to the article here, the study notes some limitations. But it looks promising.

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Posted in: N Ireland official suing Van Morrison over COVID criticism See in context

Seems like he’s too sensitive to be a politician

I don't think Northern Ireland politicians can be described as sensitive, whatever their views.

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Posted in: Chasm opens between COP26 words and climate action See in context

I don't want any forced action on my behavior as a plain citizen just for the fact I live in a democracy while the rich and poor xountries citizen don't/can't change their bad habits.

I don't think bad habits regarding CO2 generation are limited to dictatorships. Average annual CO2 emission per person are about 4.8 tonnes worldwide. If we were to set a target to reduce that to say 4 tonnes per person, which countries would have to reduce their emissions the most? These are some current per-capita emission levels for some bigger countries: Australia 17.7 tonnes; Canada 18.6 tonnes; USA 15.5 tonnes; Russia 11.4 tonnes; China 7.4 tonnes; France 5.3 tonnes; Indonesia 2.0 tonnes; India 1.9 tonnes; Nigeria 0.4 tonnes.

https://www.worldometers.info/co2-emissions/co2-emissions-per-capita/

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Posted in: Many scientists are atheists, but that doesn't mean they are anti-religious See in context

The mistake you're making is trying to think of Atheism as a belief system, which it is not. It is the absence of a belief. 

Maybe just a question of semantics, but I don't think that is quite right. Atheism has often been divided into two categories - negative (lack of belief in deities) and positive (a belief in the non-existence of deities). Many communist ideas under the Soviet Union embraced the positive version. Personally, I equate the negative form to agnosticism. But that also raises semantic issues regarding the definition of agnosticism. I tend to stick with T.H. Huxley's original idea.

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Posted in: Many scientists are atheists, but that doesn't mean they are anti-religious See in context

In fact, the Communists that you are trying to elude to did their actions out of greed and lust for power. Nothing to do with magical thinking.

I don't think that's altogether true. There were attacks on Christians and other religious groups in the Soviet Union, partly to establish a belief in a system of atheism. As throughout history, one belief system attacking other belief systems. Which is why I prefer the non-belief idea of agnosticism and its foundation of ignorance. I sometimes describe myself as an agnostic fundamentalist - no one know less than me about the cause of existence.

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Posted in: Many scientists are atheists, but that doesn't mean they are anti-religious See in context

Each of the scientists in our study selected the statement “I do not believe in God” when asked about their views of God – and selected this choice over options including agnosticism, the view that the existence of God or the divine is unknowable.

Some would argue that not believing in God is more in line with agnosticism than atheism.

T.H. Huxley, who coined the word "agnostic", described agnosticism like this:

It simply means that a man shall not say he knows or believes that which he has no scientific grounds for professing to know or believe.

He was a critic of atheism as it involved a certainty of belief without evidence - i.e. in the non-existence of God.

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Posted in: Glasgow braces for climate protests on global day of action See in context

instead of comfy Glasgow

The weather in Glasgow today doesn't look so comfy. Windy, damp, grey, normal. (But plenty of Chinese restaurants.)

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Posted in: Eco-friendly New Year postcards go on sale in Japan See in context

sending post card likely consumes more than digital as the hosted servers would provide way more emails than paper for post cards but I definitely could be wrong.

I have no answer, but it's an interesting problem. I don't think there is an eco issue with trees being the source material of the cards. The bigger questions might be how much energy is used in the manufacturing process and delivering the bloody things. And would a phone call be better?

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Posted in: Glasgow braces for climate protests on global day of action See in context

@UK9393,

I'm assuming zichi made a typo and intended to write "aren't used". (But correct me if I'm wrong, zichi.) Regarding Peterloo, you may be right that the military hasn't been used in England to suppress protests since, but in Glasgow, the military were used in 1919 against striking workers. (Of course, Northern Ireland is a whole different matter.)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_George_Square

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Posted in: What do you think of TV commercials in Japan? Seen any that impressed you over the years? See in context

Going back some time, but I found the Regain ads funny with the Japanese Businessman song.

Example (perhaps not the best one):

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-sXpALhlEgU

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Posted in: People should ensure their PCs issue an alert every 20 minutes to remind them to stand up, do stretching exercises and walk indoors for a while so that the total time spent seated is reduced. See in context

I guess the smokers don't need this kind of alert. That regular trip to the back door or balcony and back must have some benefits.

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Posted in: Gas giants: Can we stop cows from emitting so much methane? See in context

Sorry, I should have written "the difference between buffalo/bison and domestic cattle emissions".

About this point:

Less potent, but longer lasting, as per the article. Seems like it could be potentially kicking the can down the road? Less problem in the short term but more in the longer. 

My understanding is that methane in the atmosphere will eventually transform to CO2 (through lightning strikes, whatever), so not so much kicking the can down the road but getting to the CO2 stage more quickly.

But I do wonder about the overall effect of cutting down the number of domestic cattle. Assuming their feed is from naturally grown plants that have absorbed CO2 from the atmosphere, will we have more uneaten plant matter on the planet, and so what happens when it rots? Will it produce methane?

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Posted in: Gas giants: Can we stop cows from emitting so much methane? See in context

At one time, before being slaughtered to near extinction, the population of American Bison was roughly equal to the number of cattle in America today. Yet methane was not considered a problem then.

There is some info on the difference between buffalo/bison emissions in the article below.

https://mrdrscienceteacher.wordpress.com/2019/09/21/bison-vs-cow-greenhouse-gas-emissions/

And a nicely titled short article about human emissions at this link:

https://blogs.nicholas.duke.edu/citizenscientist/silent-but-deadly/

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Posted in: COVID-19 global death toll tops 5 million in under 2 years See in context

Didn't actually explain why Sweden had almost ten times the death rate as Norway.

Not so high, I think. The link below puts it at about seven times higher than Norway's and about three times higher than Denmark's. Yet about 70% of the UK's death rate.

https://www.statista.com/statistics/1111779/coronavirus-death-rate-europe-by-country/

It's difficult to understand these numbers. The article below concludes that "small differences in the timing and effectiveness of control strategies have dramatic effects on the resulting numbers of cases and deaths". If so, it makes it difficult to compare alternative strategies.

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-95699-9

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Posted in: Scientists discover cause of Alzheimer's progression in brain See in context

If you only have access to typical doctors that just want to give you the usual meds...

In that case, it may also be wise to check links such as the one below.

I'm quite ignorant about such diets, but compared with unsubstantiated advice given on JT, I'd probably go with my typical doctor.

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/dangers-of-keto-diet

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Posted in: 50 years after Roe v Wade, abortion again before U.S. Supreme Court See in context

If Evangelicals want to live by the Bible, which they widely claim, then they should embrace it in the same way as the Taliban embrace the Quran.

I think they probably do already - i.e. they choose the bits they like and ignore the rest. Most religious texts have something for everybody.

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Posted in: Scientists discover cause of Alzheimer's progression in brain See in context

Anyone with early symptoms should at least try following a ketogenic diet and perhaps even consume exogenous ketone esters.

But perhaps follow the advice below before doing so.

a ketogenic diet is something to be considered for individuals with these conditions, but should only be instituted under the direction of a healthcare provider who has experience with this dietary intervention.

https://www.drperlmutter.com/ketogenic-diet-proves-effective-in-alzheimers-disease/

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Posted in: What do you think about the way Halloween is celebrated in Japan? See in context

In Japan, people should know, at least, that Halloween is also known as All Saints’ Eve, the day before All Saints’ Day, and two days before All Souls’ Day.

And Christians should know that Halloween is another ancient seasonal festival that the church tried to take over along with Easter and Christmas. It failed with Halloween as activities have been related more to ancient customs than Christian events.

Anyway, here's my annual link to Robert Burns' Halloween poem.

https://poets.org/poem/halloween

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Posted in: Taiwan has no right to join United Nations: China See in context

Sorry, I must have missed Taiwan declaring independence.....When was it? :)

Mr Kipling, did I say the people of Taiwan had declared independence? I preceded my general comment with an "if".

If the people of those places choose to become an independent state....

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Posted in: Taiwan has no right to join United Nations: China See in context

Taiwan is part of China so is already in the UN.

That is probably the view of Chinese nationalists - both the communist type on the mainland and the non-communist nationalists in Taiwan - they just differ about who should control the place. But what about the overall view of the people of Taiwan? Is that not what matters?

Does Texas get a seat? Hokkaido?

If the people of those places choose to become an independent state, why not? Countries that were formerly part of the USSR are now UN members. National territories don't have to be permanent.

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Posted in: Taiwan has no right to join United Nations: China See in context

As far as I know, Taiwan which was then known as Republic of China was one of the founding members of the League of Nations

I don't think that's quite right. Mainland China was an original member of the League of Nations. At that time, Taiwan was a Japanese colony.

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