Scientists revive ‘zombie virus’ from nearly 50,000 years ago
December 1, 2022Lorena
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Vast portions of permafrost have thawed due to global warming, releasing ancient microbes that can potentially be infectious.
Scientists revived some of these “zombie viruses” to assess their risk to public health.
One virus, named Pandoravirus yedoma, is believed to be 48,500 years old.
Global warming has caused vast portions of permafrost to melt, releasing ancient microbes that have been trapped for millennia.
Scientists revived some of these so-called “zombie viruses” from the Siberian permafrost to better study them. One virus, believed to be about 50,000 years old, has reanimated to a state capable of infecting other organisms.
Microbiologist Jean-Marie Alempic of the French National Centre for Scientific Research led the research team behind the study.
The team noted that permafrost covered “one-quarter of the Northern Hemisphere.” As this frozen ground thaws, previously frozen organic matter is released. These would then “decompose into carbon dioxide and methane, further enhancing the greenhouse effect.”
Rising temperatures have previously released huge numbers of bacteria into the environment, although these are less threatening given the current antibiotics. But a new virus, such as SARS-CoV-2, will cause more problems, considering the growing population in the Arctic.
The team warned that “the revival of an ancient unknown virus” could pose a significant threat to public health, thereby necessitating further study to assess “the risk of ancient viral particles remaining infectious and getting back into circulation.”
As the permafrost thaws, many more viruses will be released, aside from those that only target amoebas. Most of these will be completely unknown to science, but it’s also unknown how infectious they are once exposed to light, heat, and oxygen. Further study can look into this.
The researchers detailed 13 viruses in their new study. Nine of them are believed to be tens of thousands of years old, with one amoeba virus believed to be 48,500 years old. They stated that each one’s genome was distinct from all other known viruses.
The record-breaking find was extracted beneath a lake. Other microbes were found on mammoth wool and in a Siberian wolf’s intestines, which were all buried underneath the permafrost.
The researchers used live single-cell amoeba cultures in proving that the viruses could still become infectious.
The new virus was assigned the name Pandoravirus yedoma, given its size and the type of permafrost soil it was found in. The researchers previously discovered a similar virus, believed to be about 30,000 years old, in Siberia. That was also a pandoravirus, which is big enough to be seen using light microscopy.
Virologist Eric Delwart of the University of California, San Francisco, who wasn’t involved in the study, also believes that these finds are just the beginning.
Having plenty of experience with reanimating ancient plant viruses, Delwart told New Scientist, “If the authors are indeed isolating live viruses from ancient permafrost, it is likely that the even smaller, simpler mammalian viruses would also survive frozen for eons.”
The new study, which has yet to be peer-reviewed, was published on bioRxiv.
Source: Science Alert
-6 ( +0 / -6 )
The sad part is COVID is now a part of the worlds daily life and death we all need to realize and accept.
Nature takes care of life and also ends it also. The sad part there are more out there coming that we have no idea they are there. As the world warms and ice melts and the permafrost thaws, we are already seeing ancient viruses never seen before, sleeping in hybernation awaiting their time. We must all make our own choices and destiny. Listen to the Experts and proffessionals. Not the loudmouths whom are lacking common sense. Be smart Be wise, Be Safe Be healthy Stay alive
-1 ( +1 / -2 )
It is only fair. American jobs out weigh Japanese jobs.
Tell Japan to end their taxes on American cars first.
Japan only wants free trade one way for Japan.
-6 ( +6 / -12 )
Another good reason for the F-15E squardons to leave Kadena and close the bases. That will help prevent a major war with China. Aplies to South Korea. Get rid of the mercinay US Military from Asia Pacific.
Japan can take care of itself like the Ukraine and weapons will be supplied from the USA
-1 ( +1 / -2 )
Maybe it is time to shoulder the burden of their self defense and use the money they pay the mercenary USA for their abiliity to fund their own Military force and not rely on Mercenary countries like the USA.
Their are plenty of youth in Japan that need to partiipate and a 4 year mandatory conscription with an educational program after ther time in service.
The USA will sell them all the weapons they need, no need toAmerican blood on or in Japan anymore.
-6 ( +3 / -9 )
The fat little baby is having a temper tantrum as it seems he is not getting any attention lately!
0 ( +3 / -3 )
China is a threat and they know it. They are communist totaltarian govt. the world needs to contain
15 ( +15 / -0 )
Who cares? Not I. As this too will pass in time as the elders fade away and the new generations take over and take Japan to the next level of humanity and logical reasoning,
Respect the elders but do not follow the past, build the Great Future the whole world needs and spread the goodness world wide, peacefully of course!
5 ( +8 / -3 )
Alcohol is a really bad poison, destroys peoples lives and health. Creates problems for society as a whole.
People die and suffer each day from the ill effects and deteriorization of the persons liver, heart and brain and other untold problems mentally and physically. Just like Tobacco we want people to quit. It is time we take on the BIG ALCOHOL like we take on tabacco.
I speak for the truth and my experiences and mistakes that are related to the use of these dangerous products.
0 ( +4 / -4 )
In the states we call this abuse, racism and targeting and major lawsuits where millions of dollars get paid to the victims
1 ( +4 / -3 )
Then Futenma will never close.
0 ( +0 / -0 )
First of all Japan is not a Democracy as it is like the British Parlamentary system.
Democracy is 1 person 1 vote also the will of the people to put together a referendum with signed signatures of voters to place on the ballot and for the people not the politicians to choose laws they want not what politicians want. The will of the people is what democracy is about.
Now on the gunman and how he got a homemade firearm. Go to you tube and you can find anything to make as a weapon bougt with materials you can purchase in hardware stores. I fear that censorship and blocking you tube or other internet sites. Censorship will be a fascist commie move that would take away the rights of the many and end of democracy and even parlimentary govts.
With the let downs from all goverments suppopsed;y democratic as in the USA now that is taking rights of its citizens is undemocratic. Do we want free and open countries run by the people for the people by the people, not for the corporations by the corporations and not of the peoples wills and desired.
We must all be vigilent and aware of what a democracy is about.
1 ( +2 / -1 )
As we watch the worlds despots and dictators are now making moves to expand their domination on Democracy and human rights to kick them in the dustpan of the past as historical. Beware of nationalists and fascist regimes, they never went away. I would like to see a world without military diplomacy and each ethnicity of the only race, the human race. We are all one species and race. Let culture and people meet and share and let the truth lead, not the political false memes that are lying to them just for the power. listening to each other and sharing the differences and the likes will be the way. We need to throw militarism ways in the dustpan of history and a lesson learned.
I would love to see the US Military leave all foreign countries period. The issue is will the despots and dictators get emboldened? Be sure the people of Japan will have the Love and Dedication as the people of the Ukraine have. China is lurking in the shadows
10 ( +10 / -0 )
Equal reciprocation is a must. If Japan does not want to play as a world member. the world needs to Isolate Japan and put a full embargo on Japan as prior to WW2.
Play fair or no play at all.
-1 ( +1 / -2 )
Unless NATO and the USA go in militarily to the Ukraine, they will be run over in weeks if not days.
Putin will nukes if he feels needed
Germany, England, Japan with all the military bases the USA has will make Japan a target and also South Korea.
This is the next segment of the Russian Cuban missile crisis, WW3 is knocking on the door!
-3 ( +0 / -3 )
His music will live on forever. RIP
0 ( +2 / -2 )
It is an autocity to Honor War Criminals and forces that created mass genocide everywhere they went.
They expermented and Followeed their Leader and ASdolf Hitler and should never be honored and disgraced for life time and in all History books.
Why can not the Japanese people be like the German People renounce and who stand proud of their rebuttal to the Nazi empire of sychopants.
In this time the world still will not Forgive Japan and will hold them in history as the deady fascist Nazi's that japan was.
Come clean Japan and beg the world for forgiveness of the atrocities that were committed by the Imperial Japanese Nazi's of WW2
-3 ( +4 / -7 )
Japan needs to be reciprocave and accept the other countries to allow them to also come to Japan with same rights as Japan wants other nations to observe
This is a 2 way street and not a one way street for Japanese to visit other nations and do not let the other nations do the same to visit Japan
1 ( +1 / -0 )
Too Bad as now Nature will clean house. unfortunately innocent people will die, for example the youth of nations.
Seems like this will be a world event as around 50% of the world population will exercise thier selfishness to themselves, not their family, friends, country and the whole human race. The right to live or die and conflict pain on the innocent ones who feel it is for the good of all.
As John F. Kennedy said "ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country
5 ( +12 / -7 )
And they want the bases all closed.
A Great Wind and Storm will not stop modern China's air sea and land forces
9 ( +13 / -4 )
In California, Oregon, Washington and Nevada and other legal states in the USA that 7 kilo's is worth less than 350,000.00 dollars which is about 35 million yen altogether. Japan prices are way over exagerated
0 ( +0 / -0 )
Too bad too late for the People of Japan, The USA is open and has turned the corner. No masks and social distancing for fully vaccinated. Can go shopping, out to restaurants and movie theaters. You can hug and hold each other. What a great feeling. The Olympics would be so much better if the Japanese would of started back in January like the rest of the civilized world did. Will Japan become another India? time will only tell, but heading there at warp speed. Too bad they do not ask the US Military with all the bases and a highly trained medical staff that have vaccinated most of its people including spouses of japanese decent married to Americans. They could fly in OSPREY's with medical crews and get to hard to get areas. I am sure President Biden would give all the help that is asked for.
12 ( +13 / -1 )
World boycott of China, only way to control their aggressiveness.
13 ( +13 / -0 )
As the EU is opening up for fully Vaccinated persons and others,
The US Military here in Japan is already like 75% vaccinated
Also over 40% of USA people are fully vaccinated and ready to travel and spend money
It is a start to opening up again.
-2 ( +0 / -2 )
Why not follow a real leader like President Joe Biden, VP Kamala Harris, Dr. Fauci. they got the vaccine to almost 200 million in 60 days. The Pfizer, Moderna and J&J have over a 90% efficy rate. Why has not Japan ask for their help to help the Japanese Pharmaceutical industry for a fee of course.
Till 80 -90 % of the populace the virus will not be controlled
Follow the USA and Canada measures as they are winning the war with the virus. over 25% of the USA are fully vaccinated since February and 40% or more have at least 1 dose.
The USA declared war and went into wartime measures to produce needles, vaccines and masks.
-1 ( +0 / -1 )
Watch Dr. Sanjay Gupta on his research on use of cannabis for young patients with seizures cut from like 50 or more a day to almost 0.
Cannabis has helped cancer patients recover.
Great pain killer instead of opiates.
Japan sells codeine across the counter in the form of BRON and is highly addictive.
California legalized for medical purposes first.
1 ( +4 / -3 )
Time for the world to hit china economically and ban all their products.
Free Nations need to ban together, open full relationship with Taiwan,
US Navy and others need to do port visits and joint training.
Taiwan is a free nation and we must defend that right.
0 ( +0 / -0 )
No real vaccine program, the virus will spread. Japan is now a corona Hive and the govt. covers it up.
While the leading countries are approaching 50% full vaccinations and opening up, Japan seems to look to isolate itself from the rest of the world. Japan has built a covid wall and a corona incubation farm.
-2 ( +2 / -4 )