** There are other TV broadcast news services that operate in the entirety of Japan and they are not scrambled. They operate transmitters and antennas from the same structures as NHK and receive programs by the same fiber optics system as NHK. During times of natural disaster or emergencies BS and CS satellites systems will continue to operate spreading broadcasts over Japan, several channels are currently not scrambled.
If the disaster takes out the transmitter/antenna structure, all the terrestrial stations go out, what remains is any distant transmitter/antenna structures that can be receved. You can prove this by pointing your UHF TV antenna at a transmitter/antenna structure, point it away and ALL the stations including NHK disappear. Same with BS and CS satellites system, point it at the satellite and you receive all stations, point it away and all disappear. It looks like a corner-stone of NHK charter isn't really present.
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Monday's Tokyo High Court ruling that “the owner of a cell phone with a mobile television function is obliged to pay a subscription fee to Japan's public broadcaster NHK” makes sense if Japan's politicians plan on changing Japan's TV system yet a third time about 12 years from now.
2011: Digital television in Japan (ISDB-T), analog TV switched off. Everyone buys a new equipment.
2018: 4K/8K begins broadcasting (ISDB-S3). New equipment is needed to view TV programs except for basic terrestrial and current CS satellite and parts of BS satellite, if all goes according to government plans. But this is a maybe and could change.
2025- 2030 time frame based on the fact Japanese CATV equipment makers are introducing equipment for a third change. (70-962Mhz, et 1030-3224 MHz). The 1030-3224 space will be used for BS/CS right rotation polarization and BS/CS left rotation polarization. The 70-962Mhz will be used as a white space for streaming data such as TV programs and Internet usage, hence the intense interest in having a cell phone classified as a “TV receiver” All of the current 70-770Mhz space will be converted to 70-962Mhz CATV streaming services other than a very small portion for terrestrial 2K (for now) and FM radio.
So “Presiding Judge Toshimasa Fukami said that the legal wording is not necessarily the same as its plain Japanese interpretation and that the law covers cell phones” would seem to indicate the contract is subterfuge to hide the fact that the NHK subscription fee is not just paying for NHK programs, it is the transfer of wealth to private firms by NHK from the Japanese people and Japanese business to pay for new technology.
Since the above plan mirrors what the United States wants, it seems reasonable to ask this question: “Who really profits and which country?” A TV tax like the U.K. can be better scrutinized by the Japanese tax payer, a contract can't be which is why all the subterfuge by the courts.
Making the NHK contract a general TV tax makes it easier to collect payments, equal to all and lower the tax rate paid each year by each person. This money could go to a technology fund overseen by many groups, not just a few who want to control events. The people who want to watch NHK could pay using the B-CAS like all the other channels. As it stands now it appears to me that Japan is being hollowed out so that a select few can benefit.
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Everyone in Japan does understand that the new 4k/8k TV systems starting in December 2018 is an all new digital television. At some point (2018-2025?) you will need to replace your television, satellite and any booster amplifiers just like everyone did with the change from analog TV to digital TV. CATV companies are installing fiber optics to the home (FTTH) to cope with this new technology although they sell it as really fast Internet speed (which it is). Apparently a lot of this new technology will also use an Android O.S. as a platform to roll-out a whole host of new services.
According to Cable-tec (Expo 2013, October 21-24, Atlanta, GA)2k/4k/8k compatible TV set will be ready by 2020. 4k/8k is a new service rather than a migration Incumbents may remain.
“Incumbents” being current 2K terrestrial TV and current 2k CS satellite based system. But this is a maybe, as it appears that the Japanese Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications plans to do tests to see if terrestrial TV (basic) can be converted over to the new 4k/8k system. The current CS can be changed to the new 4k/8k system in the future as well as augmented with additional channels.
Six current channels on BS satellite are planned to change to 4k/8k on December 1, 2018 (almost all are the current “free to air” channels) and BS channels will also be augmented with new channels. The new system set up by Japan government/NHK will allow about 50 new 4k/8k TV channels which explains why CATV companies are changing over the FTTH, NHK is pushing its fee (tax) in the courts so as to pay for technology that will make your current digital TV obsolete and Japanese judges issue rulings based on politics. So, who do you think is making all the money?
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To my eye, the NHK fee law was designed by politicians who needed a way to fund various NHK activities so as to extend their political power over private enterprise, while having the public pay for it. The law was purposely created vague so as to be a tax in disguise and since the law is being used by the courts to destroy Japanese business, this fee sure looks like a tax to me. If NHK used a B-CAS form of payment, the fee would most likely be so outrageously high that no one would subscribe, hence the deception by creating the NHK fee law.
It seems that Japanese courts do not abide by their own NHK law in some rulings, for example : the IRANEHK-Wave cut filter, Kanto area (uhf26, 27ch) disables any device downstream from the filter making the TV unable to receive NHK, this includes all digital televisions, but yet courts rule against defendants using such filters that seemingly follow the law! There is also the matter of television CATV test equipment which does receive NHK and displays signal level, bit error ratio, and modulation error ratio about NHK but does not require a B-CAS card (test equipment that also displays an image requires a B-CAS card). Very odd reasoning by courts!
So displaying an image must be the criteria being applied since any 8 cm length of wire will have NHK and every TV or radio transmission induced into it. That piece of wire is also known as an antenna, which still receives an NHK signal even if nothing is attached to it.
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Japanese unelected bureaucrats and law makers pushing NHK's cunningly contrived law to force payment of television fees will ultimately hurt 4k Hi-vision sales and probably delay any implementation of 8k television in the future. It appears that 4k/8k technology will allow NHK to really bring the hammer down on people who don't want to watch NHK and therefore not pay the fee (tax). Unlike all the other Japanese broadcasters, NHK plays by different rules and has the opportunity by law to require the obedience of the masses in paying an ill-conceived yearly television tax, it also appears that all NHK legal and court costs are ultimately paid for by tax payers.
Japanese court decisions on this NHK law is so lacking in rigour that these judges may actually be aiding Japanese bureaucrats bring about economic harm to Japan since 4K/8K will be used in broadcasting, medical, cinema, art, and education in Japan and around the world. Billions and billions of Yen lost in the future (domestic and foreign sales), because NHK is so special as it does not want to use a B-CAS card system of payment?
What are NHK broadcasting and non-broadcasting ventures? What unpaid fees are NHK struggling with and what are NHK other sources of income? Is NHK the Japanese version of the Pentagon in the U.S.?
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